2019 marks thirty years for the reason that publication of Kimberlé Crenshaw’s groundbreaking article, Demarginalizing the Intersection of Disappear and Intercourse: A Sad Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Belief and Antiracist Politics. While scholars across the disciplines comprise engaged intersectionality from a good deal of theoretical and normative vantage aspects, there has been small effort to analyze intersectionality referring to 2 other greatly influential theoretical frameworks: Angela Harris’s critique of gender essentialism and Catharine MacKinnon’s dominance belief. This Essay endeavors to comprise that gap. Broadly articulated, our project is to design how anti-essentialism, dominance belief, and intersectionality converge and to suppose the locations the achieve they enact no longer. Within the context of doing so, we advance three core claims. First, scholars erroneously conflate intersectionality with anti-essentialism and thus erroneously watch a sturdy opposition between intersectionality and dominance belief on the inspect that dominance belief is essentialist and that intersectionality is no longer. Within the context of disaggregating intersectionality from anti-essentialism, we contest the inspect that feminism and well-known belief must constantly reside some distance from essentialism to variety normative commitments to social transformation. 2nd, we argue that scholars comprise largely brushed off the fact that dominance belief and intersectionality fraction a critique of conceptions of equality structured around sameness and distinction. 1/three, we contend that whereas there could be an affiliation between dominance belief and intersectionality, there could be at the least some tension between their respective framings of speed and gender. We explore this tension by inspecting how intersectionality potentially levels a “soft” critique of MacKinnon’s protection of dominance belief in opposition to charges of essentialism in her provocatively titled essay, From Apply to Belief, or What Is a White Girl, Anyway?
Our hope is that the Essay will both mission the present ways wherein many scholars, along with some feminists and well-known speed theorists, physique anti-essentialism, intersectionality, and dominance belief, and underscore the well-known importance of attending to how racial power is gendered and gender subordination is racialized. Grand is at stake with admire to the theoretical terrain we mean to duvet. As neatly as to taking females’s theorizing seriously and facilitating the manufacturing of knowledge in historically marginalized areas of steady scholarship, we predict about that engagements with anti-essentialism, intersectionality, and dominance belief comprise profound implications for the substantive plan and notify material of political organizing, civil rights advocacy, and steady reform initiatives. Certainly, underwriting our effort in this Essay is the inspect that how we theorize social complications, along with the subordination of females, basically shapes the scope and notify material of our social justice imaginary — which is to sing, our freedom needs.
* Pleasant Harry Pregerson Professor of Legislation, UCLA College of Legislation.
** Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Basis Chair in Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, UCLA College of Legislation. We thank the participants at the Intersectionality Workshop at UCLA and the African American Policy Dialogue board’s Social Justice Writers Retreat for feedback on this paper. The Essay benefited greatly from engagements with our students in our Serious Disappear Belief courses over the last several years. We thank the UCLA Dean’s Fund and the Ameri-can Bar Basis for providing funding for the project. Alison Korgan and Jennifer Jones equipped worthwhile research aid. All errors are our own.